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MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION
NATURAL RESOURCE DOCUMENT LIBRARY
of Bill Cook, Extension Forester & Wildlife Biologist in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan


     This page is an annotated bibliography of PDF documents maintained by Bill Cook and Ingrid Klotz, Michigan State University Forestry Extension office located at the U.P. Tree Improvement Center.  Some documents are originals, others may be edited or updated versions of one or more existing documents, or may be re-creations of single existing documents.  Some documents are directed at only the Upper Peninsula resources because that is the service area of Bill Cook. 
     You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader to view and/or print these documents.  It's an easy-to-use piece of free software that can be downloaded from the Internet, if you don't already have it on your computer.  If you need to download Adobe Acrobat, click on the icon to the right.  If you would prefer a Word document, note the file size and contact Bill Cook.
AdobeLogo.jpg (1678 bytes)

The documents are grouped into several categories.  Some documents are regularly updated and others may be partially obsolete. Maintenance of this resource is a function of time and awareness (or lack of both).  If you find something out of order or in error, please contact Bill Cook 906-786-1575. 

  Forest Management   Wildlife Management & Ecology
  Forest Ecology & Tree Health   Miscellaneous Documents
  Forest Facts & Current Conditions   U.P. County Forest Profiles
  Forestry Assistance   Forest Profiles by Legislative District
  Non-timber Forest Products   U.P. County Plant Lists
  Taxes & Timber   Conference Presentations
  Tree & Plant Identification   Cook's Series of Newspaper Articles
   2010 Wood Biomass Bulletins   MSU Extension Forestry-Campus
     2013 "Forest Type" Bulletin Series   Forest Adaptation Bulletin Series
       
       
       

MORE RECENT PUBLICATIONS

DISTRICT ENERGY CASE STUDY
2015.  2 Pages.  0.9 mb.  Pinecrest Health Care Facility
.

OAK WILT IN MICHIGAN'S FOREST RESOURCE
2012.  8 pages. 1.8 mb. MSU bulletin E3169. Describes the disease agent and treatment options.

HIRING A CONSULTING FORESTER
2012. 4 pages. 536 kb. MSU bulletin E3188. About consultants, services etc. for the family forest owners.

WOODY BIOMASS BULLETINS
11 bulletins 2010, 2 pages each.  MSU bulletin series E3085 to E3095. Addresses energy applications of using woody biomass.

MICHIGAN FOREST TYPE BULLETINS
19 bulletins 2013, one page each
.  Descriptions and management applications.

FOREST ADAPTATION BULLETINS
5 bulletins, in cooperation with the USFS Northern Institute of Applied Climate Science .

2013 "FOREST TYPE" BULLETIN SERIES
When you "click" on the following links, your Adobe Acrobat Reader will be used to view the document.  If you don't have Adobe, scroll to the top of this page for directions on how to download a free copy from the Internet.

"Official" versions of the bulletins, in a different format, may eventually be found at the MSU Bookstore.

WHAT IS A FOREST TYPE?
2 pages. 265 kb. Defines a forest type and describes Michigan forest types.
   
JACK PINE FOREST TYPE
2 pages. 408 kb. A common fire-adapted forest type.
  
NORTHERN HARDWOOD FOREST TYPES
2 pages. 320 kb. The most common forest type in Michigan.
   
HYBRID POPLAR & HYBRID WILLOW
2 pages. 608 kb. Not really a forest type,but a potential plantation resource.
  
ASPEN FOREST TYPES
2 pages. 438 kb. Several species of "popple" make-up this type.
  
SILVICULTURAL SYSTEMS
2 pages. 425 kb. Clearcutting, shelterwood, and selection applied where needed.
  
MIXED UPLAND HARDWOODS
2 pages. 591 kb. A bit of a mixed bag of species, variable by region.
  
FOREST TREE HEALTH & VIGOR
2 pages. 368 kb. A variable target with a wide range of pests and health issues.
  
OAK-HICKORY FOREST TYPES
2 pages. 520 kb. A common type in the Northern Lower Peninsula.
  
FOREST OWNERSHIP
2 pages. 487 kb. Private non-industrial, corporate, state, and federal blocks.
  
SWAMP HARDWOOD FOREST TYPES
2 pages. 383 kb. Wetland types in swamp and along river systems.
  
FOREST PRODUCTS AND PRICES
2 pages. 472 kb. The products that loggers manufacture and stumpage for owners.
  
NORTHERN WHITE-CEDAR FOREST TYPE
2 pages. 448 kb. Mostly in the Upper Peninsula and on wetland soils.
  
WHAT'S A MANAGEMENT PLAN?
2 pages. 236 kb. A key initial step down the road to sustainable management.
  
SWAMP CONIFER FOREST TYPES
2 pages. 639 kb. Mostly black spruce and tamarack.
  
COMMON PITFALLS TO AVOID
2 pages. 431 kb. A good tip sheet for those engaging in forest management.
  
RED PINE FOREST TYPE
2 pages. 481 kb. A common plantation species, much in the Northern LP.
  
TREE PLANTING
2 pages. 253 kb. Site selection, site preparation, planting, and vegetation control.
  
MESIC CONIFERS
2 pages. 615 kb. Mostly white pine and hemlock, mixed with hardwoods.

 


FOREST ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE BULLETINS

HOW CLIMATE AFFECTS FORESTS
2 pages. E3221-Effects.pdf   300 kb

FOREST VULNERABILITY
2 pages.  E3222-Vulnerability.pdf   215 kb

ADAPTATION STRATEGIES and APPROACHES
2 pages.  E3223-Strategies.pdf   500 kb

ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT
2 pages.  E3224-Mngt.pdf   640 kb

FOREST ADAPTATION GLOSSARY
2 pages.  E3225-Glossary.pdf    380 kb

 


FOREST MANAGEMENT
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TREE PLANTING TIPS, FACTS, AND COMMON MISTAKES
4 pages. Planting.pdf 55 kb
A mix of several documents as well as some tips from Bill Cook. Prepared by Michigan State University Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 4/98.

PLANTING SAPLINGS
1 page. PlantingSaplings.pdf 46 kb
Instructions and tips for successfully planting saplings. From MDNR and Virginia Polytechnic Institute.

THE REMARKABLE ART OF SEEDLING SURVIVAL
2 pages. RemarkableArt.pdf 249 kb
Tri-fold brochure from MSU Department of Forestry. Good planting primer. Lots of sketches.

HOW MUCH ARE MY HARDWOODS WORTH?  MSU Forestry Fact Sheet 10, 2003
2 pages.  HdwdWorth.pdf  223 kb
Volume measure, markets, sample prices, and variation of stumpage values. By Dr. Karen Potter-Witter..

IMPROVING HARDWOOD TIMBER STANDS MSU pub. E-1578
8 pages. E-1578 Impr Hdwd.pdf 742 kb
Tables, photos, drawings. Looks like original by Russ Kidd and Mel Koelling. Latest MSU reprint was 12/91. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 9/98.

ASPEN MANAGEMENT IN MICHIGAN  MSU pub. E-1552.  1988.
4 pages. E-1552 Aspen.pdf 188 kb
Aspen biology and management. Photographs. Drawings. Looks like original by Russ Kidd and Mel Koelling. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 9/98.

CLEARCUTTING . . . IS IT NECESSARY?
2 pages. ClearcuttingWhy.pdf 130 kb
An explanation of what clearcutting is and why is it used in forest management. Looks like original paper by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office 9/98.

POINT SAMPLING MSU Pub. E-1757.  1999.
6 pages. E1757_PointSampling.pdf 175 kb
Original by Robert Marty, MSU Forestry Department. Point sampling is a method to inventory a forest. The procedure, mathematics, and tools are described. Many tables and several diagrams.

HOW TO USE A HOMEMADE PENNY ANGLE GAUGE
1 page. AngleGaugeUse.pdf 38 kb
How to construct and use this simple tool that measures basal area, or stand density.

HOW MUCH LUMBER IN THAT TREE?  MSU pub. E-0461.  1983.
3 pages. E-0461_Lumber.pdf 292 kb
A classic.  How to estimate board foot of a tree.  Diagrams. Volume tables. Instructions on how to build a Biltmore stick. Looks like original by Lester E. Bell, MSU Department of Forestry, 7/71. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office 9/98.

HOW VARIOUS FOREST TYPES AFFECT WILDLIFE
6 pages. USFStypes.doc 1376 kb,  USFStypes.pdf 32 kb
Typical wildlife and habitat components for various maturity levels of aspen, black spruce, oaks, northern white cedar, red pine, northern hardwoods, and jack pine forest types. Considers mostly game species and well-known species. Includes a table of activity restrictions around eagle and osprey nest sites. Modified by the MSU Extension Upper Peninsula Forestry Office from a U.S. Forest Service publication.

CROP TREE MANAGEMENT IN EASTERN HARDWOODS  1993.
1 page. CropTreeBookcover.pdf 179 kb
USFS document "Crop Tree Management in Eastern Hardwoods", Publication Number NA-TP-19-93, 100+ pages, 12 chapters, 5 appendices

MAP - WOOD USING INDUSTRIES & LOGGING CONTRACTORS IN THE U.P.
1 page. Map-UPforind.pdf 101 kb
A simple graphic showing the distribution of major wood-using industries (14), smaller wood-using industries (200), and logging contractors (475). Based on data from the Michigan DNR 1996 wood products directories, (http://www.dnr.state.mi.us/dnr/main.htm).

PINE LUMBER MANUFACTURERS IN THE UPPER PENINSULA OF MICHIGAN
5 pages. UP-SoftwoodLumber.pdf 136 kb
A table listing manufacturers reporting the use of pine in manufacturing. Derived from the Michigan DNR data, (http://www.michigandnr.com/wood/).

 


FOREST ECOLOGY AND TREE HEALTH
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TOLERANCE OF SELECTED TREE & SHRUB SPECIES IN MICHIGAN
1 page. Bakuzis.pdf 9 kb
Categorizes many Michigan trees and shrubs according to their tolerance of shade. Research from the University of Minnesota.

INCREDIBLE TREES AND HOW THEY GROW AND SURVIVE
11 pages. IncredibleTrees.pdf 210 kb
Tree physiology and reaction to insects and diseases. Includes: Introduction, necessities of life, structures and their function, how trees die, energy budget, energy allocation, defensive dieback, tree are generating systems, adaptive growth, compartmentalization, how People can promote healthy trees.

HOW TREES GROW
2 pages. HowTreesGrow.pdf  92 kb
A brief review of basic growth factors of trees, by William Miles. Second page a U.S. Forest Service graphic of tree growth zones.

TREES AND THE FOREST MIRACLE
4 pages. ForestMiracle.pdf 161 kb
What is a tree?  How does a tree grow?  When a tree dies.  What is a forest?  Why leaves change color.  A few illustrations added to original text by William Miles. 

TREES THAT COMMONLY GROW TOGETHER IN COMMUNITIES
1 page. TreesCommunites.pdf 16 kb
Grouping of common northern Michigan trees into five groups; northern hardwoods, pines & upland conifers, swamp hardwoods, swamp conifers, aspen & mixed hardwoods.  

AHLB POSTER
1 page. AHLBposter.pdf 202 kb
8.5 x 11 poster of the Asian Longhorned Beetle, with a list of informational websites.

ASIAN LONG-HORNED BEETLE
2 pages. E2693-AHLB.pdf  1001 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin about this exotic threat to hardwood forests.

COMMON FOREST INSECTS
4 pages. Insects.pdf 322 kb
Types of insects for hardwoods and softwoods. No pictures. Prepared by Bill Cook.
Also see the "forest pests module" at http://uptreeid.com.

EMERALD ASH BORER - SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF THE EAB
2 pages, E2938-EABsigns.pdf    1221 kb.  2005
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2938. Bulleted facts. Photos.

EMERALD ASH BORER - NATIVE BORERS & EAB LOOK-ALIKE
2 pages, E2939-EABnatives.pdf    1517 kb.  2005.
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2939. Bulleted facts. Photos.

EMERALD ASH BORER - DON'T BE FOOLED BY LOOK-ALIKES!
2 pages, E2944-EABlookalikes.pdf     660 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2939. Bulleted facts. Photos.

EMERALD ASH BORER - EAB and YOUR WOODLAND
4 pages, E2693-EABwoodlands.pdf    963 kb.  2005
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2693. For woodland owners more than residential owners. Photos.

EMERALD ASH BORER - UNWANTED! EAB IDENTIFICATION POSTER
2 pages, E3004 -EABposter.pdf    928 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin E-.  Poster distributed statewide public awareness.

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR IN THE U.P.
3 pages. FTCinUP.pdf 79 kb
Identification, life cycle, and control information. Photographs.

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR IN THE UPPER MIDWEST
4 pages.  FTC-UpperMidwest.pdf  667kb.  2001
Forest Service Publication NA-PR-02-01.  Identification, life cycle, control, large gray fly, and tree impacts.  Photographs. 

FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR HOMEOWNER TIP SHEET
3 pages.  FTCtips.pdf 15 kb
Homeowner emphasis. Frequently asked questions. Control information.

COMPARISON OF THE EASTERN TENT CATERPILLAR, FOREST TENT CATERPILLAR, AND GYPSY MOTH
2 pages.  E-2299-EtcFtcGm.pdf 392 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2299.  May 2001.  Mostly photos, larvae & egg masses. 

GYPSY MOTH IN NORTH AMERICA
8 pages. GypsyMoth.pdf  774 kb
Gypsy moth history, effects, natural enemies, management, life cycle, research, and situation in the Upper Peninsula. With pictures and maps. Compiled from several sources.

GYPSY MOTH
1 page. GypsyMoth2.pdf  554 kb
U.S. Forest Service Pest Alert.  NA-FB/P-21.  Mostly pictures. 

Bt:  OPTION FOR GYPSY MOTH MANAGEMENT
4 pages.  E2724-Bt-Gypsy.pdf  499 kb
MSU Bulletin, June 2000, about gypsy moth control with Bacillus thuringiensis.  By Deb McCullough and Leah Bauer.

FOREST MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES TO MINIMIZE THE IMPACT OF THE GYPSY MOTH
4 pages.  GypsyForMgt.pdf  46 kb
University of Wisconsin Extension publication, November 1996.  By Dave Hall, Chuck Brooks, and Jeff Martin.

HEMLOCK WOOLY ADELGID
1 page.  HemWoolAdel.pdf  243 kb
Forest Service Pest Alert Publication NA-PR-03-94.  Brief description and photographs. 

HOW TO IDENTIFY AND CONTROL NON-INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF TREES
9 pages. NonInfectDis.pdf  726 kb
Forest Service 1978.  High temperatures, low temperatures, drought, winter injury, chemical injury, nutrient deficiencies, herbicide injury, salt, and air pollution.  Photographs.  By Michael Ostry and Thomas Nicholls.

HOW TO IDENTIFY WHITE PINE SUSCEPTIBLE TO AIR POLLUTION
1 page.  PWairpoll.pdf 1180 kb
U.S. Forest Service "How To" series, 1978.  Mostly pictures.  By Robert Anderson and Leon Dochinger.

HOW TO MANAGE JACK PINE TO REDUCE DAMAGE FROM JACK PINE BUDWORM
7 pages.  PJbudworm.pdf  1447 kb.  1994.
Forest Service Publication NA-FR-01-94.  Comprehensive summary, identification, life cycle, tree symptoms, management strategies & recommendations, and pre-outbreak & outbreak & post-outbreak stands.  By D.McCullough, S.Katovich, R.Heyd, and S.Weber. 

INCREMENT CORE FROM A RED PINE
1 page. BorerReading.pdf 37 kb
Enlarged picture of an increment core and an interpretation of the rings.

THE MULTICOLORED ASIAN LADY BEETLE
2 pages. Ladybugs.pdf 377 kb.  2000.
A brief document, with images, about one of the latest "pests" to humans, although they are not threatening to forests. Covers the history, life cycle, prevention, and what they do and don’t do. References for more information.

OAK WILT IN MICHIGAN
8 pages.  E2764-OakWilt.pdf  1620 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin E-2764.  June 2001.  Comprehensive summary with many photos.  By Z.Blankenheim, G.Adams, and J.Bruhn.

OAK WILT IN MICHIGAN'S FOREST RESOURCE
8 pages. E3169-OakWilt.pdf. 1620 kb.
MSU Extension Bulletin E-3169. April 2012. Focus on information for forest owners and forest managers.

PINE SHOOT BEETLE - NEW INTRODUCTION
2 pages.  PineShootBeetle.pdf  294 kb.  1993.
Forest Service Pest Alert NA-TP-05-93.  Discovered in Ohio in 1992.  Identification, life cycle, and damage.  Photographs.  By R.Haack and D.Kucera.

RED PINE INSECT AND DISEASE PROBLEMS:  A SUMMARY
6 pages.  RedPinePests.pdf 38 kb
General management reco
mmendations and descriptions of 8 major insects and 7 major diseases of red pine. Text only. By Bob Heyd, Michigan DNR Forest Health Specialist.  Prepared prior to red pine pocket disease and Annosum root disease.  Links to these diseased in the Forest Pest module of the U.P. Tree Identification website.

SOME FOREST DISEASES
1 page. Diseases.pdf 26 kb
A short list of 13 common tree diseases, symptoms, and treatments. No pictures.

A more comprehensive disease list can be found in the Forest Pest module of the U.P. Tree Identification website.

SPRUCE BUDWORM, BIOLOGY AND CONTROL
4 pages.  E1245-SpruceBud.pdf  651 kb
MSU Extension Bulletin E-1245.  December 1983.  Identification, life cycle, damage & impact, chemical control, and silvicultural control.  By G.Simmons and D.Mosher.

WEBSITE RESOURCES FOR TREE INSECTS & DISEASES
2 pages. IDresources.pdf 232 kb
A annotated listing of some of the websites that provide information about tree insects and diseases.

WINTER INJURY TO TREES AND SHRUBS IN MICHIGAN
4 pages.  E1343-WinterInjury.pdf 1,180 kb
MSU Extension pub, June 1986.  Identification and prevention.  Freezing, drying, frost-cracking, rodent-girdling, salt injury, snow & ice, heaving, and late spring frost.  Images.  By Franklin Laemmlen and Sandra Perry. 

DROUGHT AND WINTER DRYING
1 page.  DroughtWinterDry.pdf 312 kb
USDA Pest Alert.  Mostly photographs. 


FOREST FACTS AND CURRENT CONDITIONS
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Some of these documents have older data for which more current numbers are now available. Updates will be done as time permits, but the general picture painted by these data has not changed substantially.

"GREEN FLYER" - MICHIGAN'S GROWING FOREST RESOURCE
2 pages. MIforests2012.pdf   600 kb
Second version of this popular flyer about Michigan forest description.

SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FORESTERS -- FOREST FACTS
1 page.  Facts-SAF1.pdf 73 kb
National forest facts. SAF is the professional society for foresters in the USA. (http://www.safnet.org)
A bit dated but still hits the mark.

SOCIETY OF AMERICAN FORESTERS -- TOP TEN
2 pages. Facts-SAF2.pdf 106 kb
The top ten forestry advances in the USA since 1900.  (http://www.safnet.org)

MICHIGAN TIMBERLAND HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE MICHIGAN DNR
4 pages. Facts-MDNR.pdf 60 kb
Data from the 1992 Michigan Forest Inventory. Prepared by Robin Bertsch, from the MDNR.

MICHIGAN’S GROWING AND EXPANDING FOREST RESOURCE
2 pages.  Facts-FIAbyDNR.pdf  16 kb
Information from Michigan’s 1992 forest inventory about acreage, volume, productivity, and protection. Prepared by Robin Bertsch, Forest Management Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources, June 24, 1994.

AMERICAN FOREST FOUNDATION "FACTS" FROM THEIR WEBSITE
2 pages. Facts-AmForFound.pdf 66 kb
Forest and forestry facts from the website: (http://www.affoundation.org).

MYTHS AND FACTS ABOUT FORESTS
2 pages. Facts-MeadWeb.pdf  32 kb
Myth and fact format. Source : American Forest & Paper Association. (http://www.afandpa.org/)

QUESTIONS & ANSWERS FROM TAPPI - Technical Association for the Pulp and Paper Industry
15 pages. Facts-TAPPI.pdf  56 kb
Explores 7 major question areas. This document was copied from the website maintained by TAPPI but is no longer on-line.

HOW DO YOU USE WOOD?
HOW MANY OF THESE THINGS DO YOU USE EVERY DAY?

3 pages. WoodProducts.pdf 30 kb
A list of several hundred products that contain wood or wood products. In the USA, there are reportedly over 5000 products that contain wood. Original list from the Temperate Forest Foundation. Modified by Michigan State University Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office. 5/98.

FORESTRY QUIZ (and ANSWERS)
4 pages. Quiz.pdf and QuizAnswers.pdf 15 / 18 kb
This is short quiz of 16 questions that can be used as an introduction to the forest resources of North America, the United States, and Michigan.

HARVEST, GROWTH, STANDING VOLUME OF UPPER PENINSULA TIMBER
4 pages. UP_HarvGrow.pdf  216 kb
A pictorial representation of wood volume that is annually harvested and grown, plus the amount of standing volume. Based on the U.S. Forest Service 1992 forest inventory.

REMOVALS BY OWNERSHIP FOR MICHIGAN, WISCONSIN, MINNESOTA
2 pages. Removals-LakeStates.pdf 13 kb
A chart and bar graph comparing per-acre volume removals by ownerships across the Lake States. Derived from U.S. Forest Service data. The most "productive" ownership is Indian lands in Wisconsin (due to Menominee Tribal Enterprises) and the least "productive" is Michigan’s private, non-industrial ownerships.

SELECTED FOREST AREA STATISTICS AND HOW MICHIGAN RANKS AMONG THE 50 STATES
1 page. ForestAreaUSA.pdf 13 kb
A series of lists ranking Michigan forests by various criteria. Data from the USFS Forest Inventory, 1992.

SOME ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF USING WOOD COMPARED TO OTHER RAW MATERIALS
3 pages. RawMaterialEnergy.pdf 24 kb
A set of tables demonstrating how much more environmentally friendly wood is over other raw materials. References. Websites.

VALUE OF MICHIGAN FOREST INDUSTRY
1 page. EconomicsForInd.pdf 9 kb
A single bar chart that compares Michigan forest product values with values of major agricultural commodity groups, 1994


FORESTRY ASSISTANCE
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FOREST ASSISTANCE SERVICES MATRIX FOR THE FOREST OWNER
2 pages.  Matrix.pdf  31 kb
Table of agencies and program services.

FORESTRY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM
State of Michigan program through the County Conservation Districts.

FORESTRY PROGRAM FOR 4TH AND 5TH GRADERS
2 pages.  Tree4-5.pdf  117 kb
Describes the classroom program that Bill Cook does for 4th and 5th graders.

WEBSITES FOR NATURAL RESOURCES INFORMATION
Michigan Forest Pathways website, a collaborative effort among the Michigan Forest Association, MSU Extension, and others.  

SOME COMMON ACRONYMS USED IN FORESTRY and NATURAL RESOURCES
2 pages. Acronyms.pdf  9 kb
Dozens of forestry-related acronyms and their meanings. In tabular format.


NON-TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS
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HOMEMADE MAPLE SYRUP MSU pub. E-0703
2 pages.   E0703_ MapleSyrup.pdf  151 kb
A classic.  Equipment, tapping, collecting, boiling, and products. Drawings. Looks like original by Mel Koelling, MSU Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 9/98.

IMPROVEMENT THINNING OF NORTHERN HARDWOODS WHEN SUGAR PRODUCTION IN THE MAIN OBJECTIVE
1 page.  SugarBushSpacing.pdf  18 kb
Rule-of-thumb guide to how far apart crop trees in a sugarbush should be spaced.

EVALUATING ALTERNATIVE FOREST CROPS
2 pages.  EvalAltForCrops.pdf   32 kb
Economic evaluation to determine whether or not to venture into producing crops such as mushrooms, ginseng, etc. Prepared by the Roscommon County MSU Extension Office 6/93. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office 9/98.

SHIITAKE MUSHROOMS – A NEW FOREST PRODUCT?
4 pages. Shiitake.doc 121 kb,   Shiitake.pdf  34 kb
A review of the industry, culture, and marketing of Shiitake mushrooms.  Prepared by Russ Kidd, MSU Extension, Roscommon County. Revised by Bill Cook, MSU Upper Peninsula Forest Extension Office, 9/98.


TAXES AND TIMBER
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MICHIGAN'S QUALIFIED FOREST PROPERTY TAX PROGRAM
3 pages.  MSU Extension Bulletin E3234.  2014.  1.5 mb
Supercedes the 2013 MSUE QFP publication.
A summary of the QFP program by Dr. Karen Potter-Witter.
For additional information, contact the Michigan DARD [QFP].

MICHIGAN’S COMMERCIAL FOREST PROGRAM
1 page.  CFP-2010.pdf  22 kb
A brief
summary of the CF Program which allows a substantial state property tax deduction for qualifying forest managed for timber.  For complete information, contact the DNR Forest Management Division [CF Program].

UNDERSTANDING FORESTLAND TAXES
13 pages.  Taxes-Schlosser.pdf  386 kb
An excellent publication done by Bill Schlosser, although some of the details are obsolete. Written in clear language, the booklet contains most everything a forest owner needs to understand the basics of forest taxation in Michigan and federal taxation. Includes exampleS.

TIMBER SALE INCOME TAXATION INTRODUCTION
2 pages. TaxIntro.pdf
A short guide to navigating federal timber sale income taxes
.

NATIONAL TIMBER TAX WEBSITE
A website about tax management for timberland owners.

 


TREE AND PLANT IDENTIFICATION
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U.P. TREE IDENTIFICATION KEY
1 page.  UPTREEID.pdf  59 kb
Describes the tree ID website first published in April 1999 and subsequently updated with additional modules.. Designed for students and the general public. The site has a growing number of components. (
http://uptreeid.com)

SIMPLE BOX KEY FOR U.P. TREES
2 pages.  TreeKey-Boxes.pdf  22 kb
One page has boxes and lines taking the user to individual tree species or groups of species. The second page defined terms used in the key.

TREE SPECIES LIST FOR THE UPPER PENINSULA
2 pages.  TreesUP.pdf  69 kb
A list of trees and selected shrubs (about 78 species), arranged by common name alphabetical order.  Included common name, Latin name, family, and other information.

TREE SPECIES OF THE UPPER PENINSULA
2 pages.  TreeList.pdf  11 kb
A shorter list of trees (39 species), listed by taxonomic group:  pines, spruces, other softwoods, ashes, aspens, birches, maples, oaks, elms, and other hardwoods.

TREE IDENTIFICATION CHARACTERISTICS
2 pages.  TreeIDchars.pdf  33 kb
A brief overview of the various ID characteristics of trees, including twigs, buds, bud scars, bark, flowers, fruits, branching pattern, tree form, site, associates, and leaves.

MICHIGAN BIG TREES
4 pages.  MIbigtrees.pdf   94 kb
Species are listed in order of total tree score.  There have been a few changes since this list was assembled.  Data was obtained by permission from the Michigan Botanical Society and Elwood Eherle at Western Michigan University.

TAXONOMIC CLASSIFICATION OF UPPER PENINSULA TREES & SHRUBS
2 pages.   TaxonClasses-UP.pdf  21 kb
Taxonomic listing, Kingdom through Family, for all (or most?) families of trees & shrubs occurring in the U.P.

WORDS FROM THE WOODS: DERIVATIONS OF COMMON TREE & FOREST WORDS
2 pages.  Words-Derivation.pdf  22 kb
By Kim D. Coder, Professor Silvics/Ecology, Warnell School of Forest Resources, The University of Georgia, June, 1996.

COMMON WILDFLOWERS OF MICHIGAN'S UPPER PENINSULA
2 pages. UPwildflowers.pdf  115 kb
List of U.P. wildflowers, by season and site. Compiled by several sources. Reproduced by UPTIC.

PLANTS LISTED AS BENEFICIAL TO WILDLIFE
2 pages.  WildlifePlants.pdf  23 kb
List taken from a Wisconsin DNR publication for hardiness zones 3 and 4. Organized by vines, shrubs, nut trees, other hardwoods, softwoods, non-natives to avoid, and some extra ideas from Bill Cook. MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office 1/99.

BIRTHDAY TREES
3 pages.  BirthdayTrees.pdf  12 kb
A table of dates and associated birthday trees. Descriptions of each tree’s characteristics as pertaining to human personality, sort of "zodiac" style. Source unknown.


WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AND ECOLOGY
When you "click" on the following links, your Adobe Acrobat Reader will be used to view the document.  If you don't have Adobe, scroll to the top of this page for directions on how to download a free copy from the Internet.

HABITAT
2 pages. HabitatMUCC.pdf  188 kb
Brief and basic discussion of wildlife habitat component, carrying capacity, food, space, water, and cover. Formatted as a tri-fold brochure.  MUCC classic.

BIRDS OF THE SMALL UPLAND OPENINGS IN THE U.P.
1 pages. Birds-Openings.pdf  38 kb
Lists U.P. birds found in small upland openings. Unpublished data by Charlotte Taylor.

HOW TO OBSERVE MORE BIRDS ON YOUR FOREST LAND
4 pages.  USFS_Birds.pdf  26 kb
Information about habitat, nests, species, feeding, etc. for backyard or woodlot birders. Includes a table of typical nesting requirements and locations for non-game birds. Modified by the MSU Extension Upper Peninsula Forestry Office from U.S. Forest Service Research Note NE-192.

HABITAT IMPROVEMENT FOR WHITE-TAILED DEER:  A LANDOWNER'S GUIDE
4 pages.  DeerMDHA.pdf  64 kb
With pictures. Suggestions for better deer habitat. Modified by MSU Extension Upper Peninsula Forestry Office from a brochure produced by the Minnesota Deer Hunters Association, Itasca County Chapter.

COTTONTAIL RABBITS
4 pages.  NRCSrabbits.pdf 
Life cycle and habitat requirements. Construction of brush piles. Landscape illustration.   Original by the Natural Resource Conservation Service. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office.

MICHIGAN ENDANGERED & THREATENED SPECIES LIST, March 1999
12 pages.  TNEspecies.pdf  77 kb
Lists mollusks, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, and plants that are either endangered or threatened according to the Michigan DNR. Does not list the "special concern" species. Included definitions and contact information.

HOW VARIOUS FOREST TYPES AFFECT WILDLIFE
6 pages.  USFStypes.pdf  32 kb
Typical wildlife and habitat components for various maturity levels of aspen, black spruce, oaks, northern white cedar, red pine, northern hardwoods, and jack pine forest types. Considers mostly game species and well-known species. Includes a table of activity restrictions around eagle and osprey nest sites. Modified by the MSU Extension Upper Peninsula Forestry Office from a U.S. Forest Service publication.

PLANTS LISTED AS BENEFICIAL TO WILDLIFE
2 pages.  WildlifePlants.pdf  23 kb
List taken from a Wisconsin DNR publication for hardiness zones 3 and 4. Organized by vines, shrubs, nut trees, other hardwoods, softwoods, non-natives to avoid, and some extra ideas from Bill Cook. MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 1/99.

VERTEBRATE WILDLIFE SPECIES OF THE UPPER PENINSULA
4 pages.  WildlifeSpp_UP.pdf  38 kb
A list of over 400 species of birds, fishes, mammals, amphibians, and reptiles. Compiled from DNR inventories, DNR publications, other publications, personal observations, wildlife biologists, and others.

UPPER PENINSULA FISH SPECIES LIST
2 pages. Fish_UP.pdf  22 kb
A species list assembled by Shannon Whitcomb, formerly MSUE-DNR Fisheries Specialist.

MICHIGAN WILDLIFE SPECIES THAT OCCUR IN CONIFEROUS HABITATS
1 page.  WildlifeSppConifers.pdf   24 kb
A list of 116 vertebrate species by stand age (regenerating, young, mature, old) that occur in coniferous forests of Michigan. 35 species are listed as preferring coniferous forests for part or all of their life cycles. Data compiled by the Michigan DNR.

CLASSIC GLENN DUDDERAR PUBLICATIONS - Former MSU Extension Wildlife Biologist

IMPROVING HABITAT FOR BIRDS ON PRIVATE WOODLANDS
2 pages. Dudd_Birds.pdf  60 kb

Self-explanatory. A few pictures and a nest box specifications table. Looks like original prepared by Glenn Dudderar, Michigan State University Wildlife Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office – 4/98.

IMPROVING HABITAT FOR RUFFED GROUSE ON PRIVATE WOODLANDS
3 pages.  Dudd_Grouse.pdf  52 kb
Cutting patterns, planting, etc. for better grouse habitat. Looks like original prepared by Glenn Dudderar, Michigan State University Wildlife Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 4/98.

IMPROVING HABITAT FOR WILD TURKEY ON PRIVATE WOODLANDS
2 pages.  Dudd_Turkey.pdf  29 kb
Food preferences. Management recommendations. Looks like original prepared by Glenn Dudderar, Michigan State University Wildlife Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 4/98.

IMPROVING HABITAT FOR WHITE-TAILED DEER ON PRIVATE WOODLANDS
3 pages.  Dudd_Deer.pdf  55 kb
Management recommendations for better deer habitat. Clip art. Somewhat dated. Looks like original prepared by Glenn Dudderar, Michigan State University Wildlife Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 4/98.

IMPROVING GRAY SQUIRREL HABITAT ON PRIVATE WOODLANDS
2 pages.  Dudd_Squirrel.pdf  36 kb
Habitat improvement recommendations. Design for a squirrel nest box. Looks like original prepared by Glenn Dudderar, Michigan State University Wildlife Extension. Revised by the MSU Upper Peninsula Forestry Extension Office, 4/98.

 


MISCELLANEOUS DOCUMENTS
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MICHIGAN'S CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS
5 pages.  CCCinMI.pdf  129 kb
A brief history of the CCC in Michigan, by Roger L. Rosentreter, from the Michigan Department of State.

LUMBERING IN MICHIGAN
10 pages. LumberingInMichigan.pdf  212 kb
By Maria Quinlan. Written for upper elementary/middle school levels. Comes with activities. Covers the logging era of Michigan history, from the Michigan Department of State.

DNR HISTORY
13 pages.  DNRhistory.pdf  58 kb
Dates and events from the beginning at statehood in 1837. Taken from the Michigan DNR website:  (http://www.dnr.state.mi.us/)

BIRTHDAY TREES
3 pages. BirthdayTrees.pdf  12 kb
A table of dates and associated birthday trees. Descriptions of each tree’s characteristics as pertaining to human personality, sort of "zodiac" style. Source unknown.

CONQUEST OF THE LAND THROUGH SEVEN THOUSAND YEARS
28 pages. Lowdermilk.pdf    717 kb
This essay is an excellent review of past civilizations, how they treated soil and water resources, and how that treatment contributed to their success or failure. The focus is primarily agricultural but the messages for resource managers and the general public are plain.

GREEN SPIRIT TREES ARE THE ANSWER
10 pages  GreenSpirit.pdf  47 kb
An essay by Patrick Moore, one of the co-founders of Greenpeace. Moore acknowledges and promotes the use of wood as an environmental solution and speaks against the direction of many main-stream environmental group positions as being anti-environment. An interesting and articulate essay. 

URBAN TREE LISTS - For Various Factors or Characteristics
3 pages.  UrbanTreeLists.pdf  14 kb
A collection of lists of tree species and how they rank according various environmental factors such as reaction to pollutants, drought resistance, "good" and "bad" street tree selections, etc.

TREE MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
2 pages.  TreeMtc.pdf  72 kb
More of an urban tree care focus and schedule. A three year post-planting schedule with a monthly calendar of what to look for or maintain. From MDNR.

CONSERVATION FOR A NEW CENTURY
4 pages.  Dombeck99.pdf  20 kb
A speech by former U.S. Forest Service Chief Michael Dombeck, October 7, 1999, Madison, WI.


COUNTY FORESTRY PROFILES
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2-3 pages/county.

Bill Cook has prepared a forest profile for each County in the Upper Peninsula.   While the data are over a decade old, the general picture painted remains about as accurate to FIA limitations, which can have some rather high statistical standard errorrs at geographical levels as small as a county. Graphs include forest classification, area of timberland by forest type, and area of timberland by ownership. Tables include more information. There is also a list of forest industries (obsolete to some degree) and companies resident to the county. The forest information comes from the U.S. Forest Service inventory data. The industry information comes from the DNR and other sources. It's hard to keep the industry list current and to capture all the smaller operations, but the list serves to illustrate the magnitude of importance of the forest industry in each county.  The graphical information is also available as PowerPoint slides.

  Fact Sheets       Industry List
Alger
Baraga
Chippewa
Delta
Dickinson
Gogebic
Houghton
Iron
Keweenaw
Luce
Mackinac
Marquette
Menominee
Ontonagon
Schoolcraft
  Alger
Baraga
Chippewa
Delta
Dickinson
Gogebic
Houghton
Iron
Keweenaw
Luce
Mackinac
Marquette
Menominee
Ontonagon
Schoolcraft

Note:  Only Upper Peninsula counties are listed because Bill Cook is the U.P. Extension Forester and it would take too much time for him to prepare these kind of data for all 83 counties.


FOREST PROFILES BY LEGISLATIVE DISTRICT

LINK.   Michigan has legislative districts for both the House and the Senate. Forests and forest industry are important drivers in each district for the economy, environment, and socio-cultural values. There are many characteristics of Michigan's forests that can be used. These profiles were not intended to be a comprehensive review of these characteristics. Two characteristics were selected to help illustrate the nature of our forests.  The ownership category of a forest will often determine much about how that forest is managed and what characteristics that forest might have. Nearly half of Michigan's forest is owned by families and individuals, about 440,000 people by 2010. The remaining portion is owned by the State of Michigan, the federal government, investment corporations, and local governments. Targeted efforts on managing family forests for the long-term will have a tremendous impact on the future of Michigan's forests. Each profile also contains a bar chart of the ten most common trees in each District. Most data are current to 2005. While numbers may change slightly, the patterns and functions are well-represented by these profiles.


COUNTY PLANT LISTS

The initial plant lists were derived from Dr. Ed Voss' "Michigan Flora" (Gymnosperms, Monocots, & Dicots).  Each list will be updated as additional plant reports come in from a variety of sources.  The plant list files are in Microsoft Word 97 (*.doc) format.  If you click on the link, your computer will "look" for a copy of MS Word in order to open the document.   The process might take a minute or so, especially if you have a modem connection.   If you don't have MS Word on your computer, please contact Bill Cook and he'll mail you hardcopies. 

The lists contain both scientific name and common name(s).   Each county has a pair of lists, one alphabetized by scientific name, the second alphabetized by common name. 

  Scientific Name   Common Name
Alger
Baraga
Chippewa
Delta
Dickinson
Gogebic
Houghton
Iron
Keweenaw
Luce
Mackinac
Marquette
Menominee
Ontonagon
Schoolcraft
  Alger
Baraga
Chippewa
Delta
Dickinson
Gogebic
Houghton
Iron
Keweenaw
Luce
Mackinac
Marquette
Menominee
Ontonagon
Schoolcraft

PRESENTATIONS - Conferences, Annual Meetings, Trainings

Bill Cook is available to speak on a variety of topics, or partner with forestry and wildlife projects.  He delivers between 50 and 60 program each year, and prefers to tailor presentations for particular audiences. Some of the more recent presentation or common topic areas include the following.

Forest management / silviculture
Forest ecology
Forest health issues
Wildlife ecology
Wood energy
Forest adaptation to climate change
Tree identification
Classroom programs

Typically, mileage needs to be recouped.  So, please consider that expense if possible.

cookwi@msu.edu or 906-786-1575

 

 


Michigan SAF Home Page



This website is maintained by Bill Cook, Michigan State University Extension Forest in the Upper Peninsula.  Comments, questions, and suggestions are gratefully accepted. 

Last update of this page was 3 April, 2015

 


 

 

 

This site is hosted by School of Forest Resources and Environmental Science at Michigan Technological University.

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